Zeek has its own event-driven scripting language, which is as powerful as high-level languages and allows us to investigate and correlate the detected events. Scripts can also be used to apply a policy.

What Where
Zeek has base scripts installed by default, and
these are not intended to be modified.
These scripts are located in
User-generated or modified scripts should be located
in a specific path.
These scripts are located in
Policy scripts are located in a specific path. These scripts are located in
To automatically load/use a script in live sniffing
mode, identify the script in the Zeek configuration file.
You can also use a script for a single run.
The configuration file is located in
  • Zeek scripts use the .zeek extension.

  • Do not modify anything under the zeek/base directory. User-generated and modified scripts should be in the zeek/site directory.

  • You can call scripts in live monitoring mode by loading them with the command load @/script/path or load @script-name in local.zeek file.

  • Zeek is event-oriented, not packet-oriented! Use/write scripts to handle the event of interest.

GUI vs scripts

Sample script:

event dhcp_message (c: connection, is_orig: bool, msg: DHCP::Msg, options: DHCP::Options)
print options$host_name;


ubuntu@ubuntu$ zeek -C -r smallFlows.pcap dhcp-hostname.zeek 

Customized script locations



Ensure you are in the right directory to find the pcap file and accompanying files: Desktop/Exercise-Files/TASK-6

Investigate the smallFlows.pcap file. Investigate the dhcp.log file.

zeek -C -r smallFlows.pcap dhcp-hostname.zeek

What is the domain value of the vinlap01 host?

ubuntu@ip-10-10-218-60:~/Desktop/Exercise-Files/TASK-6/smallflow$ cat dhcp.log
#separator \x09
#set_separator	,
#empty_field	(empty)
#unset_field	-
#path	dhcp
#open	2022-11-29-00-36-54
#fields	ts	uids	client_addr	server_addr	mac	host_name	client_fqdn	domain	requested_addr	assigned_addr	lease_time	client_message	server_message	msg_types	duration
#types	time	set[string]	addr	addr	string	string	string	string	addr	addr	interval	string	string	vector[string]	interval
1295981573.013593	CCeH6O2TYiCIiNUQV9	-	40:61:86:9a:f1:f5	student01-PC	-	-	-	-	-	-	-INFORM	0.000000
1295981640.291009	CIwdwt1EsLJNcVGLEe,CJeD8z4JyIrDrPEeB5	-00:1e:68:51:4f:a9	vinlap01	-	astaro_vineyard	-	-	--	-	INFORM,ACK	0.000591
#close	2022-11-29-00-36-56

Investigate the bigFlows.pcap file.

zeek -C -r bigFlows.pcap dhcp-hostname.zeek

Investigate the dhcp.log file. What is the number of identified unique hostnames?

ubuntu@ip-10-10-218-60:~/Desktop/Exercise-Files/TASK-6/bigflow$ cat dhcp.log | zeek-cut host_name | sort -rn | uniq | wc -l
18   <= -1

Investigate the dhcp.log file. What is the identified domain value?

ubuntu@ip-10-10-218-60:~/Desktop/Exercise-Files/TASK-6/bigflow$ cat dhcp.log | zeek-cut domain

Investigate the dns.log file. What is the number of unique queries?

ubuntu@ip-10-10-218-60:~/Desktop/Exercise-Files/TASK-6/bigflow$ cat dns.log | zeek-cut query | grep -v -e '*' -e '-' | sort -rn | uniq | wc -l